Pangea Nutrition Blog

The Mediterranean Diet May Help Lower Risk of Type 2 Diabetes by 52%

In a randomized trial in Spain of 218 nondiabetic participants age 55 to 80 years old, subjects were randomly assigned to one of three diets: a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with mixed nuts, or a control diet (with advice to reduce dietary fat intake).1

Compared to participants in the control group after a median follow-up of 4 years, a 51% and 52% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes was observed for the group assigned to a Mediterranean diet with extra-virgin olive oil and the group assigned to a Mediterranean diet with nuts, respectively. When the two Mediterranean diet groups were pooled and compared with the control group, diabetes incidence was reduced by 52%.1

Reference:

  1. Salas-Salvad√≥, Jordi, et al. "Reduction in the Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes With the Mediterranean Diet Results of the PREDIMED-Reus nutrition intervention randomized trial." Diabetes care34.1 (2011): 14-19. < https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3005482/>
Posted by Jason Paruthi, MD